For some clinicians, individuals requiring palliative care can be few and far between. This section lists resources that support GPs in understanding the available services and structures that assist in the provision of good palliative care. These can help in clinical decision-making and in managing care in different settings.
For guidance on management of symptoms in an individual with palliative care needs, see Symptoms and Medicines.
A Palliative Approach
A palliative approach is a type of palliative care. A palliative approach recognises that death is inevitable and focuses on the care rather than cure of a person with multiple chronic conditions, frailty and/or a life-threatening or life-limiting illness. The goal of a palliative approach is to improve or optimise a person’s level of comfort and function and to offer appropriate treatment for any distressing symptoms. A palliative approach addresses a person’s psychological, spiritual, social, emotional and cultural needs. Families are welcomed as partners in this approach.
A palliative approach recognises that for older people with multiple chronic conditions, frailty and/or a life-threatening or life-limiting illness, that this is often the last chapter of their life the length of which is unknown.
The Palliative Approach Toolkit (The PA Toolkit)
The PA Toolkit
is a comprehensive, step-by-step guide to implementing a palliative approach in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). A factsheet What is a Palliative Approach? (64kb pdf)
Therapeutic Guidelines – Palliative Care (subscription required)
An overview of palliative care
Affirming Life – What is a palliative approach?
This guide may be helpful for family and friends of residents.
Supportive and Palliative Care Indicators Tool (SPICT)
is used to help us identify people at risk of deteriorating and dying with one or multiple advanced illnesses for holistic, palliative care needs assessment and care planning.
Over 75 assessment
This health assessment
allows a detailed investigation of an older person's health. It can be a prompt to consider the future of the person.
The Surprise Question
This simple and feasible screening test may identify patients palliative care needs: Would I be surprised if this patient died in the next 12 months?
This describes a three stage approach to care after identification of possible palliative care needs with the Surprise Question. Stages include: advance care planning, case conferencing and terminal management.
How to discuss prognosis and end-of-life issues
Examples of phrases that can be used in discussing prognosis (142kb pdf)
developed for the End Of Life Essentials Project.
CareSearch GP resource on communicating with patients, families and colleagues.
Planning for the Future
Advance Care Planning Australia
This is a comprehensive site that provides information for health professionals
and links to state and territory legislation.
provides informational support for health professionals conducting advance care planning with people from different religious and cultural backgrounds.
End of Life Law in Australia
provides access to information about Australian laws relating to death, dying and decision-making at the end of life.
Symptoms and Medicines
A new section in the Evidence Centre is a gateway to fast and reliable access to evidence to inform your clinical practice. It provides an overview of common symptoms and how to manage medications. There are links to other useful Australian resources
Working with Families
The support and care of families as well as patients is a crucial part of end-of-life care. CareSearch has a set of printable patient and family resources.
Therapeutic Guidelines has a section on support for families and carers in palliative care.
can help to review and clarify goals of care and treatment options. Including patients and carers where possible is valuable.
Recognising dying is the first step in terminal care management.
The palliAGED app
(available as an app or online) includes a section Recognising Dying
The Residential Aged Care End of Life Care Pathway
(RAC EoLCP) is a care plan that guides the provision of good quality end-of-life (terminal) care in residential aged care.
Deterioration in the last days of life (terminal phase) can be rapid and can be a time of great change in the patient’s condition. Understanding when death is imminent allows the clinical team and the family to prepare, ensuring that the patient is comfortable.
The following symptoms, commonly seen in the terminal phase, are treated in more depth in the section Symptoms and Medicines
Planning for a Home Death
is a checklist of things to consider and discuss from CareSearch.
This document from caring at home and ANZSPM summarises prescribing advice
for the community. (164kb pdf)
As an illness progresses, a person, his or her family, carers and friends may experience intense feelings of grief associated with losses and the relationship changes that unfold. Following a death, most bereaved people do not require counselling or specialist support. General practitioners can help by acknowledging the experience of grief or bereavement and providing reassurance. A GP may identify people experiencing more severe or prolonged grief reactions and assist them to receive psychological support.
Resources for GPs
Resources for the Bereaved
- For GPs, CareSearch
Resource that addresses the reality of palliative care for GPs
- Therapeutic Guidelines: Palliative Care
Comprehensive overview of clinical and care issues and guidance.
- palliAGEDgp app (available as an app or online)
Smartphone app for GPs to support care of older palliative patients living at home or in residential care. It includes terminal prescribing advice.
- Primary Health Networks (PHNs)
Primary Health Networks are supporting primary care to improve care delivery and care coordination in the community. There six agreed priorities for targeted work by PHNs and aged care is one of these. Contact your local PHN to find out what resources they have available for aged care and end-of-life care.
These videos were produced for the palliAGED or the Decision Assist projects
Page updated 12 April 2018